Experts say that in the coming days, just like GDP, India may have a bad situation in agriculture. According to the recently released GDP data, India’s GDP has fallen by 23.9%. However agriculture grew by 3.4%. Which was the only region in India. Where GDP growth was positive. And in all other sectors, the GDP growth rate was in minus. But experts say that now agriculture is sloping in India. And the difficulties of the farmers here are going to increase even more.
Recently new agrarian reform laws have been approved by the government. But there is anger among farmers about them. And they are constantly performing in the streets.
The government says that these agrarian reform laws will change the fortunes of farmers. And doubling their income will help. Whereas the opposition with the farmers seems to be standing.
But what are the main problems of the farmer in India? And what are the real problems in the agricultural sector in India. Which the government needs to pay attention to. let’s watch.
Price of agricultural products is not increasing
Recently GDP figures were released by the government and it said that the growth rate of agriculture in crush India is very good and it is growing at the rate of 3.4%. But if you look at these figures of agricultural growth rate from inside, then the reality will look different.
In fact, despite the growth rate of agriculture in India at 3.4%, the real value of agricultural produce has not increased. The real value of agricultural produce is derived by adding inflation and cost of doing agriculture. And in this way, the prices of agricultural products have not increased. Which is a concern for the farmers.
Recently, the government released the GDP figures and said that it will be pulled out with the help of India’s economy. And the Indian economy will be back on track. But when agriculture itself is going to be in bad condition. So what will happen to GDP? You can guess this.
If you look at the growth rate of real value of agricultural produce, then it was 5.7% this year. While this growth rate was 8.7% last year. In this way, the farmer has become poor despite producing a lot of crop. The increasing poverty of farmers is also a concern for the government.
In fact, pressure in agriculture in India is being felt since 2019. Then the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana was launched. Actually the main objective of this scheme was to support the farmers. Since then, the government was assuming that there was too much pressure on farming. And it is necessary to provide direct help to the farmers. But this help was so low that it did not appear to have a direct benefit.
Prices of agricultural products are declining
If we talk about the prices of agricultural products for the last 5 years, then they are stable. In this way, farmers are getting the same price today. Who were meeting 5 years ago.
In this way, the income of the farmers is stable. But rising inflation has reduced the purchasing power of the rupee. In this way, the income of the farmers has reduced. And the farmers have gone towards even more poverty because inflation directly affects your earnings.
We explain here by giving you an example. Suppose you could have bought a motorcycle for ₹ 50000 5 years ago. But today its price has increased to ₹ 60000. While the income of the farmers is still ₹ 50000. In such a situation, the income of farmers has reduced by ₹ 10000. Because the inflation of farmers has not increased compared to inflation. Motorcycles became expensive but the prices of agricultural products were not high.
Decreasing size of fields
Another concern for the farmers is that the size of the fields is continuously decreasing. According to a NITI Aayog report, 81.8% of farmers in India have less than 2 acres of land. Which is a concern. And the size of these fields is constantly decreasing.
On the other hand, if we talk about the income of farmers, then it is ₹ 6000 per month. In such a situation, if you look at it every day, then every farmer earns only ₹ 200 in 1 day. It also includes a relief of ₹ 2000 released by the Prime Minister Kisan Samman Nidhi. In such a situation, you can get an idea of the condition of farmers in India.
In this way, the farmers of India are able to earn less than the minimum wages fixed by the central government. The Central Government has fixed the minimum wage at ₹ 332 per day. This reduces the income of farmers of India by ₹ 132. Which is a concern.
The NCRB figures are even more feared. According to NCRB’s 2018 data, 11000 farmers committed suicide across the country. Farmers’ income has also come down due to the size of the depleted fields. And this shortage continues. Due to the size of small farms, farmers produce as much. Keep a large part of it for himself. And very few produce can sell in the market. Due to this also the income of farmers has reduced.
Reality of India’s rural economy
Whenever India’s economy or people of India are economically weak. So every time it is said that India’s agriculture and India’s rural economy will handle this condition. But the figures are the opposite. Talking about the government figures, about 40% of the revenue comes from agriculture-related industries in rural areas. Apart from this, 30% of the revenue comes from the service sector. The rest is earned from other sectors. In such a situation, it is wrong to say that much of the impact on the economy of India is due to the agricultural sector.
In fact, the government has kept telling us repeatedly that India’s agriculture is the reed bone of India. But the figures are saying something else. In such a situation, whenever the government says such a thing, do not believe directly. Because the figures say these are wrong.
We explain here by giving you an example. Suppose a farmer earns ₹ 10000 in a month. So about ₹ 4000 of this income comes from his farming. And the remaining ₹ 6000 is earned by the farmer or by working in a factory. From these figures you will have come to know the reality of India’s agricultural sector. And how much difficulties will increase in the agricultural sector in the coming days. It can be estimated from now.
Farmers are running the city
If you are thinking that the economy of India is being run by the villagers of India. And the farmers of India are playing an important role in this. So you are thinking wrong.
Actually, the fact is that the family of rural farmers of India is also running through the cities. A large number of farmers wage wages in cities. And from there he earns money and runs his family. For a farmer earning ₹ 6000 per month, the means of additional income is the city itself. And there a large number of people from every family go to the city to earn. And from there money is coming to rural India. In such a situation, to say that farmers are running the economy of India. This is completely wrong.
Now Coronavirus has increased the difficulties of farmers and peasant families even more. Because now the farmer is not able to earn in the cities. And employment opportunities are also not being created. Due to this, now money has stopped coming from the cities to the rural areas. In such a situation, the NITI Aayog is afraid that a large number of families will not go below the poverty line. And if this happens, the Indian economy along with agriculture is going to be in a bad condition in the coming days.
Small farmers are constantly facing difficulties
The problem with the agricultural sector in India is that the amount of land available for agriculture is constantly decreasing. And according to the latest data of NITI Aayog, every farmer in India now has less than 2 acres of land.
Due to this reason, they are able to produce grains and other things according to their needs. At the same time, it has also been seen that a large number of farmers have started growing fruits and vegetables instead of grains. But now big farmers have come there too. Hence the difficulties of small farmers have increased. The second thing is that for vegetable and fruit production, you need a large amount of investment. Also, you need logistics and cold storage to deliver fruits and vegetables to cities as quickly as possible. Which are not available with small farmers. In such a large number of small farmers are also wasted in this market of fruits and vegetables. However, this program of fruit and vegetable production has also been successful at some places. But this success is very less.
On the other hand, the cost of growing fruits and vegetables is constantly increasing. Due to this also small farmers are no longer able to grow fruits and vegetables. At the same time, due to the arrival of big farmers, there has been a huge increase in the production of fruits and vegetables. Due to this, fruits and vegetables have become much cheaper now. And the farmers are not getting the same price as the cost.
In such a situation, you will generally see that mangoes are thrown on the streets by the farmers. This type of phenomenon has become common nowadays. Which gives a clear indication about the state of the agricultural sector in India.